The Best Dua’ (Supplication)

The Best Dua’ (Supplication)
Taken from the Fatawaa of our Shaykh, Allaama,

The Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah Bin Baz

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Question :

What is the best Dua’ obligatory for a Muslim to repeat, whether in the Salah (prayer) or otherwise?

The Answer :

The best Dhikr is saying  لا إله إلا الله  La ilaha illa Allaah‘ (There is none worthy of worship except Allaah) and the best Dua is saying لا إله إلا الله  La ilaha illa Allaah‘ (There is none worthy of worship except Allaah). However, there are supplications which are specific.

The best Dua’ is to say:

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

‘Rabbanaa aatina fid-Dunyaa hasanah wa fil aakhira(ti) hasanah wa qinaa adhaab an-Naar’

O our Lord give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.

He repeats this at the end of the prayer, in Sajood (prostration) and at different times, because it is a comprehensive supplication.

He can also say,

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذَنْبِي كُلَّهُ دِقَّهُ وَجِلَّهُ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ سِرَّهُ وَعَلانِيَتَهُ

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ رِضَاكَ وَالجَنَّةَ ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ سَخَطِكَ وَالنَّارِ.

‘Allaahumma ighfirlee Dhanbee kullah, diqqahu wa jillahu, awwalahu wa aakhirahu, sirrahu wa alaaniyatahu ,[1]

Allaahumma innee as-aluka Ridaak wal Jannah wa Audhubika min sakhatik wan-naar.

O Allaah forgive all my sins, the minute of them and the major of them, the first of them and the last of them, the ones committed secretly and openly.  O Allaah, I ask of Your pleasure and for Paradise, and I seek refuge from Your displeasure and from the Hellfire.

There are comprehensive supplications such as:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ، وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا قَرَّبَ إِلَيْهَا مِنْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ عَمَلٍ

‘Allaahumma innee as-aluka al – Jannah,t wa maa qarraba ilayhaa min qawl aw ‘amal, wa Audhubika min an-Naar wa maa qarraba ilayhaa min qawl aw ‘amal.

O Allaah, I ask of You for Paradise and that which brings me closer to it of statements or actions. And I seek refuge with You from the Hellfire and that which takes me closer to it of statements or actions.[2]

And in prostration one can say:

اللَّهُمَ اغْفِرْ لِي ذنبي،  وَاغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَاهْدِنِي ، وَارْزُقْنِي وَعَافِنِي

Allaahumma ighfirlee Dhanbee, waghfirlee warhamnee wahDinee warzuqnee wa Aafinee

O Allaah forgive me my sins, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, provide for me and pardon me.

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذَنْبِي كُلَّهُ دِقَّهُ وَجِلَّهُ أَوَّلَهُ وَآخِرَهُ سِرَّهُ وَعَلانِيَتَهُ

‘Allaahumma ighfirlee Dhanbee kullah, diqqahu wa jillahu, awwalahu wa aakhirahu, sirrahu wa alaaniyatahu ,

O Allaah forgive all my sins, the minute of them and the major of them, the first of them and the last of them, the ones committed secretly and openly .

اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ ولجميع المسلمين، رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

‘Allaahumma ighfirlee wa li-waalidayya wa-lijamee'(i) al-muslimeen, Rabbanaa aatina fid- Dunyaa hasanah wa fil aakhira(ti) hasanah wa qinaa adhaab an-Naar’

O Allaah forgive me and my parents and all the Muslims, our Lord give us goodness in this world and goodness in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of The Fire.

This is due to the statement of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

((أقرب ما يكون العبد من ربه وهو ساجد فأكثروا من الدعاء))

‘The closest the slave of Allaah is to his Lord is when he is in Sajda (prostration), so make sure you make a lot of Dua.

In another narration:

((وأما السجود فاجتهدوا في الدعاء فقمنٌ أن يستجاب لكم))

‘as for the Sajood ( prostration ), then exert yourselves in making Dua so that it is worthy of being answered.’

Therefore, it is necessary that a lot of good Dua’ is said; (such as) asking for Paradise, seeking refuge with Allaah from the Hellfire and asking for pardon:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عُفُوٌّ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

Allaahumma Innaka Affuwwun kareem(un), tuhibbu al Affwa, Fa’afu ‘annee

O Allaah, indeed You pardon [generously][3] and You love pardoning so pardon me.

اللهم أصلح قلبي وعملي

Allaahumma Asslih Qalbi wa ‘amali

O Allaah rectify my heart and my action.

اللهم اغْـفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ

Allaahumma ighfirlee wa li-waalidayy

O Allaah, forgive me and my parents.

A person seeks out the appropriate Dua’.

[http://www.binbaz.org.sa/node/3453]

[1] Collected by Muslim

[2]  Authenticated by Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Majah 2/327

[3] An explanation of the status of an extra wording in the Dua’

Shaykh Albaani after researching this narration in detail says:

‘(Notice): There occurs in ‘Sunnan Tirmidhi’ after the word ‘pardon’ an extra word: ‘generously’! There is no origin for this word in any of the preceding sources mentioned, or in any other books from which this narration has been quoted.  What is apparent is that this word has been added from some transcribers or publishers, since it is not in the Indian print of ‘Sunnan Tirmidhi’ which has the explanation of ‘Tuhfah al-Ahwaadi’ by Mubarakfoori, or in any other book. What strengthens this point is that Nisa’ee in some of his narrations collected it from the same chain from which Tirmidhi collected it, and both of them from their Shaykh (Qutaybah bin Saeed) from his chain without the extra word.’

[From: Silsilah Saheehah 3337]

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