The Statements of the Scholars Regarding the Reality of the Disbelief Of the Rawafidah (Shia)

The Statements of the Scholars Regarding the Reality of the Disbelief

 Of the Rawafidah (Shia)
Part One

Compiled by
Abu Abdurahman Makki
Translated by
Abbas Abu Yahya

Praise be to Allaah, may praise and peace be upon the Messenger of Allaah, upon his family, his Companions and those who follow his guidance.
1 – al-Imam ‘Aamir ash-Sha’abee (d. 105 A.H.) – rahimullaah – said:

‘I warn you against misguided desires, and the most evil of them are the Rafidah. That is because from them there are Jews who immerse themselves into Islaam to try to prepare it to enter their misguidance just like when Paul the son of the King of the Jews immersed himself into Christianity in order to enter their misguidance into it.’
Then ash-Sha’abee said: ‘The Rawafid did not enter into Islaam out of desire or from awe of Allaah but rather out of hatred for the people of Islaam.’[1]

2 – Talha bin Mussarraf (d. 112 A.H.) -rahimullaah – said:

‘Regarding the Rafidah, their women are not to be married nor is the meat from the animal they slaughter to be eaten because they are apostates.’[2]

3 – Abu Hanifa (d. 150 A.H.) -rahimullaah – said:

‘The Jammah is to prefer Abu Bakr, Umar, Ali and Uthmaan, and they do not belittle or find anyone deficient from amongst the companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’[3]

4 – The Imam of Dar-al-Hijra Malik bin Anas al-Asbahi (d. 179 A.H.) -rahimullaah – said:

‘Whoever curses the companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- then he has no part, [or he said: no share] in islaam.’[4]

5 – Al-Lalka’ee narrated that Imam Malik said:

‘Whoever curses the companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- then he has no reward.

(a) Allaah – Azza wa Jal – says:

لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا

<<(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allah and to please Him.>>[5]; the Ayaah.

These were the companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who migrated with him.

(b) Then Allaah said:

والذين تبؤوا الدار والإيمان

<<And those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and had adopted the Faith, love those who emigrate to them>>[6] the Ayaah.

These were the Ansaar.

والذين جاءوا من بعدهم يقولون ربنا اغفرلنا ولأخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان

Then Allaah said: <<And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith>>[7]

So the reward is for these three types, but whoever curses the companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- then he is not from these three and he has no truthful right to be amongst these three.’[8]

6 – Al-Qadi Abu Yusuf -rahimullaah – (d.182 A.H.) said:

‘I do not pray behind a Jahmi, nor a Rafidi, nor a Qadri.’[9]

7 – AbdurRahman bin Mahdi -rahimullaah – (d. 198 A.H.) said:

‘They are two nations: al-Jahmeeyah and Rafidah.’ (Meaning not from the Muslim Ummah)’[10]

8 – Imam Shaafi’ee -rahimullaah – (d. 204 A.H.) said:

‘A Rafidi has no intercession, this is only for a Muslim.’[11]

9 – Muhammad bin Yusuf al-Faryaabi – rahimullaah- (d. 212 A.H.) said:

‘I hold the opinion that the Rafidah and the Jahmeeyah are nothing but heretics (unbelievers).’[12]

10 – Ahmad bin Yunus – rahimullaah – (d. 227 A.H.) said:

‘Indeed we do not eat the meat of the animal slaughtered by a Rafidi, because to me he is an apostate.’[13]

11 – Ahmad bin Yunus also said:

‘If a Jew slaughtered a sheep and a Rafidi slaughtered one as well, then I would eat from the meat slaughtered by the Jew, and I would not eat from the meat slaughtered by the Rafidi because he has apostated from Islaam.’

Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal said to a person about Ahmad bin Yunus: ‘Go to Ahmad bin Yunus since indeed he is Shaykh ul-Islaam.’[14]

12 – Imam as-Sunnah Ahmad bin Hanbal – rahimullaah – (d. 241 A.H.) was asked by his son Abdullaah bin Ahmad:

‘I asked my father about a person who curses a person from the companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, so he said:  ‘I hold the view that he is not upon Islaam.’[15]

13 – From Abu Bakr al-Marwathi who said: I asked abu Abdullaah about the person who curses Abu Bakr, Umar and Aeysha?

He replied: ‘I hold the view that they are not upon Islaam.’[16]

14 – From Abu Bakr al-Marwathi who said: I heard abu Abdullaah saying that Malik said:

‘Whoever curses the Companions of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – then he has no share, or he said: no share in Islaam.’

Al-Khalaal said: AbdulMalik bin AbdulHameed informed me, who said, I heard Abu Abdullaah saying:

‘Whoever cursed [the Companions] I fear disbelief upon him, like that of the Rawafid.’

Then he said:

‘Whoever cursed the Companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- then we do not find any security for him that he has indeed exited from the Deen.’[17]

15 – Al-Khalaal said: Abdullaah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal said: ‘I asked my father about a person who curses a man from the companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, so he said:

‘I do not hold him to be upon Islaam.’[18]

16 – Imam Ahmad also said about the Rafidah:

‘They free themselves from the Companions of Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- they curse them, belittle them and they make Takfeer (excommunication) of their leaders except four of them: Ali, Amaar, al-Miqdad and Sulayman, and the Rafidah have nothing to do with Islaam.’[19]

17 – Imam al-Bukhari -rahimullaah – (d. 256 A.H.) said:

‘I do not care if I prayed behind a Jahmi and a Rafidi, or prayed behind a Jew and a Christian, and they are not given Salam, nor are they visited, or married into, nor is their testimony accepted and their slaughtered animals are not eaten.’[20]

18 – Abu Zura’a ar-Raazi (d. 264 A.H.) -rahimullaah- said: –

‘If you see a man belittling any one from the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam; then know that he is a Zindeeq, and that is because to us the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is upon the truth, and the Qur’aan is true.  Indeed the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- conveyed to us the Qur’aan and the Sunnan, indeed they want to criticise our witnesses so that they can invalidate the Book and the Sunnah, and these (critics) are foremost to be criticised and they are Zanadiqa (heretics).’[21]

19 – Al-Lalka’ee narrated by way of AbduRahman bin Abi Hatim, that he asked his father and Abu Zura’a about the Madhab of the Sunnah and their beliefs which the people of knowledge found them upon in every country , and what was mentioned from what they said is:

‘And indeed the Jahmeeyah are Kuffar, and indeed the Rafidah, rejected Islaam.’[22]
20 – Abdullaah Ibn Qutayba ad-Daynoori al-Baghdadi (d. 276 A.H.) said:

‘As for the extremism of the Rafidah in love for Ali which they exemplify in placing him in front of those whom the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and his Companions placed.

Their claim is that Ali had a partnership with the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in his Prophet hood, and they also claim that the Rafidah Imams have knowledge of the unseen of when someone will give birth and similar false statements, and secret matters.

These matters are gathered in that they are lies, kufr, extreme ignorance and stupidity.’[23]

 

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace

and blessings be upon our final

Prophet Muhammad, his

family, his companions

and all those who

follow his

guidance.

 


[1] [al-Lalka’ee in Sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah 8/1461 & Khalaal in as-Sunnah 1/497]

[2] Collected by Ibn batta al-Ukbaree [‘al-Ibannah as-Sugrah p.161]

[3] [‘al-‘Inteeqa fee fadail ath-Thalathata al-Aaimma al-Fuqaha p.163]

[4] [‘as-Sunnah’ by Khalaal 3/493]

[5] [Hashr: 8]  <<(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allaah and to please Him. And helping Allaah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger (Muhammad). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they say)>>

 

[6] [Hashr: 9] <<And those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and had adopted the Faith, love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their chests for that which they have been given (from the booty of Bani An-Nadir), and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves, even though they were in need of that. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful.>>

[7] [Hashr: 10] <<And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.>>

 

[8] ‘Sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah’ (7/1268)

[9] [Sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah 4/733]

[10] Bukhari quoted it from him.  See ‘Khalq Afaal al-Ibaad’ (p.125)

[11] [‘al – Kafaaya’ by al – Khateeb (1/126)]

[12] [Sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah (8/1457)]

[13] [ Sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah 8/459]

[14] [Saarim al-Maslool p. 570]

[15] [‘As-Sunnah’ by Khalaal 1/493]

[16] [Collected in ‘as-Sunnah’ by Khalaal 1/493]

[17] [‘As-Sunnah’ by Khalaal 3/493]

[18] [As-Sunnah by Khalaal 3 / 493]

[19] [Usool as – Sunnah p.82]

[20] [ Khalq af-faal al-Eebaad p.125]

[21] [From: ‘al-Kafaaya fee ilm ar-Rawhyya p.49]

[22] [From sharh Usool Itiqaad ahl ul Sunnah 1/178]

[23] [‘Al-Ikhtilaaf fee al-Lafdh wa rud ala al-Jahmeeyah wal Mushabsha p.47]

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