The Fiqh of Hajj
Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah & Silsilah Ahadeeth Ad-Daeefah
Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’
Muhammad Nasiruddeen al-Albaani
Abbas Abu Yahya
The Hajj Pilgrimage is Only Made to the House of Allaah
Da’eefah No. 265 Mawdoo– Fabricated
‘O Abu Huraira! Teach the people the Quran and learn it, because if you died upon that; the Angels would visit your grave just as they visit the Ancient House (Ka’bah).
Teach the people my Sunnah, even if they dislike it. If you would like not to stop on the bridge on the Day of Judgement, even for the blink of an eye until you enter Paradise, then do not innovate with your opinion.’
Shaykh Albaani said:
‘Ibn al-Jawzi mentions this narration in his book ‘al-Mawdoo’aat’ (The Fabricated Ahadeeth) (1/264) and he said: ‘Not authentic and Abu Hammam (one of the narrators) is Muhammad bin Mujeeb.
Yahya said: ‘He is a liar.’
Abu Haatim said: ‘He is lost in hadeeth (i.e. rejected).’
As-Sooyuti brings a similar narration but mentions the wording: ‘If death comes to you and you are in this state then the Angels perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to your grave just as the believers perform Hajj to the House of Allaah, the Haraam.’
As-Sooyuti remained silent about this; but I have a more severe hatred for this wording than the first – due to what it mentions about performing Hajj to a grave - as it is an innovated statement which has no origin in the Sharia’. Also, performing Hajj to a visited thing other than the House of Allaah, the Haraam, is not mentioned in the Sharia’.
As for performing Hajj (Pilgrimage) to graves, then that is done by Ahl-ul-Bida’ (the people of Bida’) who aggrandize graves to extreme by journeying to them, spending nights there, performing Tawwaf around them, making Dua’, begging and imploring of the graves and other similar things which are all symbols of the Hajj. Some of them even authored a book entitled ‘The Rites of Making Hajj to Shrines and Graves’ as a refutation of what Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah mentioned in his books!!
This is major misguidance and no Muslim who has smelt the fragrance of pure Tawheed will doubt that this is the thing most disliked by the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-. So how can it be conceived possible that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- made this statement: ‘the Angels would visit your grave just as they visit the Ancient House (Ka’ba).’
O Allaah! Indeed the heart testifies that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- never said even one of the letters from this statement. May Allaah disfigure the one who fabricated this.’
The Sharia’ reasoning for the brisk walk during Tawwaaf
No. 2573 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas –Rahiallaahu anhu- ‘The Quraish said: ‘Indeed Muhammad and his Companions have been weakened by the fever of Yathrib.’ So in the year the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – performed Umrah he said to his Companions: ‘Walk briskly around the Ka’ba so the Mushrikeen can see your strength.’ So when they walked briskly the Quraish said: ‘It has not weakened them.’
Shaykh Albaani said:
‘This chain is Saheeh according to the conditions of Imam Muslim. Bukhari narrates it without a complete chain in his ‘Saheeh’ (5/86) on the authority of Hamad bin Salamah in a narration similar to this, as does Hamad bin Zayd in a narration on the authority of Ayoob whose wording is as follows:
‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- commanded them to walk briskly for three circuits and walk calmly between the two corners so the Mushrikeen could see their strength and patience.’
So the Mushrikeen said: ‘These are those whom you claimed had been weakened by the fever. They are stronger and more patient than such and such!’
In ‘al-Musnad’ (1/305) via another chain which is narrated on the authority of Abu Tufail from Ibn ‘Abbas that when the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– stopped at a place not far from Makkah called ‘Marra az-Zahran’ on his way to Umrah, it reached the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– that the Quraish were saying: What has caused them to come here feeble and thin?
So his Companions said: ‘If we slaughter our camels, eat from their meat and make a broth from its soup, then we will be relaxed when we enter upon the people tomorrow.’
The Messenger said: ‘Do not do that, but gather your provisions and bring them to me.’ So they gathered them for the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and spread out a tablecloth made from leather. They ate, and had eaten satisfactorily, then left and every one of them took some in their sacks. Then the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– turned and went ahead until he entered the Masjid – and the Quraish were sitting near the black stone. The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- uncovered one of his shoulders through his top garment then said: ‘Do not let the people see you as deficient/weak.’
He touched the corner and entered Tawwaaf passing by the Yemeni corner and walking to the black stone.
The Quraish said: ‘Just walking in the Tawwaaf does not please them, but they leap and jump like gazelles.’
The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did that for three circuits and so it became the Sunnah.
Abu Tufail said: ‘Ibn ‘Abbas informed me that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did this in his farewell Hajj.’
Its chain is also authentic according to the conditions of Imam Muslim.
It was also narrated by al-Bayhaqi in his book ‘Dala’il an-Naboowa’ (3/3/1) through two routes. Muslim narrated it (4/64) by way of al-Jareeri on the authority of Abu Tufail with a similar narration and it has been researched in ‘al-Irwaa’ (4/315).
It was also narrated via ‘Atta on the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: ‘Indeed the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– walked, and he walked briskly around the House (Ka’ba) to show the Mushrikeen his strength.’
Benefit: Perhaps someone might say; ‘If the Sharia’ reason for the brisk walk during the Tawwaaf was to show the Mushrikeen the strength of the Muslims, then can it not be said that as the reason for doing the action has ceased, then the legislation of the brisk walk should cease too?’
The answer: No, because the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – walked briskly in his Tawwaaf after that first Umrah, in his farewell Hajj, as is mentioned in the long hadeeth of Jabir and by other than him, such as this hadeeth of Ibn Abbas with the previous narration of Abu Tufail. This is why Ibn Hibban said in his book ‘Saheeh’ (6/47 al-Ihsaan): ‘So this objection has been cleared up and the brisk walk during Tawwaaf remains prescribed upon the Ummah of al-Mustafa – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – until the Day of Judgement.’
No.2138- On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to place his chest, face, forearms and hands between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka’ba,’ in his Tawwaf.’